Ikat is one of the styles of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process as similar to tie-dye. It uses either the warp or weft to weave a pattern or design. When both warp and weft are tie-dyed then it is called double Ikat.
Ikat fabrics are woven by hand on narrow looms in a labor-intensive process. Thai Ikats are generally 34″ to 39″ wide. Plain weave Ikat fabrics have unique resist patterns so it looks the same on both sides of fabrics. There is no right or wrong side to the cloth. The Thai Ikats typically have 2″ to 3″ solid borders along each selvage.
Originating from the historic town of Venkatagiri, this namesake weave makes one of the softest and most durable saris of South India. This six yard beauty is made up of some of the most exclusive designs found in any sari across India. They can be draped to grace almost all occasions and have an all climate appeal, but are most suitable for humid Indian summers. Their lightness and softness make them an appealing buy globally.
Gadwal, in the state of Telangana is considered world famous for the handloom zari sarees. The local weavers are highly skilled wherein more than 5 meters of saree fabric could be folded to fit into something as small a match box. Gadwal Sarees are highly popular for many decades.
The historic town is known for its characteristic cotton sarees that come with an attached silk border as well as silk pallu. The materials used in manufacturing Gadwal handloom sarees are Silk / Cotton and Zari. The silk border is made of Tussar or mulberry and the body is made using unbleached cotton. There is even colored cotton or silk checks used. Weavers also make pure silk models of Gadwal sarees.